of Fully Devoted Followers of Jesus:
Receiving Communion Faithfully (1 Corinthians 11:17-34)
Hands up if you were here last Sunday at 11.00am. Good. I think we
have some unfinished business from last week. Our Spring sermon series is
entitled what? Seven Habits of Fully Devoted Followers of Jesus. Remember the
theme last week? “The Joy of Serving”. Now judging by some of your faces,
and the number of response forms you gave Lesley, it seems some of you have
yet to experience the joy of serving. Do you remember the difference between
the wise and foolish builder in Jesus’ other parable? I wasn’t as direct in
the application as I should have been. I don’t want to deprive you of the
joy of the Lord.
He expects each and every one of us not only to hear him but also… put into practice what he says. He wants us all to serve him in and through his church. Now if you are not yet a believer, I’m not talking to you. If you are just passing through, I’m not talking to you either – at least not yet. But if you consider yourself a fully devoted follower of Jesus Christ (or you want to be) and you consider yourself a member of Christ Church, please hear me. God is speaking to you right now. Don’t be like the foolish builder or like the lawyer who wanted to debate with Jesus. He heard lots of sermons but he didn’t what? Put them into practice. Right. Don’t miss out on the opportunity to build wisely – to serve joyfully. I don’t want you to miss out on the joy of serving. I know you took the serving leaflet home.
I know you filled it in, or at least you thought about it, you planned to, but you forgot. You just forgot to return it. That’s OK. We all do it. We live busy stressful lives all week and when we come to church we switch off… But I don’t any more sleepless nights worrying about you missing out on the joy of serving for one more week. So, help me get to sleep tonight. Take time over coffee to fill in one of those little biddy serving leaflets and slip it into Lesley’s hand and make her day. Or if you feel embarrassed, just slip it onto her desk while she’s not looking. Then you too can experience the joy of serving on one or more of our teams.
Is it a deal? OK. These Sunday mornings from Christmas to Easter we are exploring the privileges of Church Membership:
Seven Habits of Fully Devoted Followers of Jesus. They are based on a definition of church membership that was written over 50 years ago by the two Archbishops of Canterbury and York and accepted by the Church of England Assembly. They define the core essentials of what it means to be a fully devoted follower of Jesus Christ.
At Easter we will be inviting you to declare yourself a member of Christ’s Church and this local church. We will reaffirm a simple declaration in which together we commit, by God’s grace, to serve the Lord Jesus Christ in and through Christ Church during the year ahead. Lets turn to the fifth habit of fully devoted followers of Jesus – receiving communion regularly and faithfully. Do you remember your first experience of communion. I do. I was so nervous I left the church! There have probably more disagreements in Church history over the Lord’s Supper than any other doctrine. In some denominations the congregation share the bread but not the wine. In others, like ours you get to receive both. In some traditions fortified wine is used, in others, you are lucky to get Ribena or grape juice. In some traditions the bread and wine can only be consecrated by an ordained minister. In some churches people cross themselves. In some traditions people hold out their hands. In other’s they stick out their tongues. Some stand to receive, others prefer to kneel.
Some dip the bread in the wine. In some the wine is already impregnated in the wafer. In some they share the common cup. In others they each receive an individual cup. Some use glass, some use disposable plastic. Some use packets of bread and wine individually sealed. Some use wafers, some use bread. In some traditions, children may share in the meal if they have been baptised and in others they do not. In some traditions, the clergy are expected to take communion daily and the congregation at least weekly. In some the meal is eaten monthly and in others only seasonally. In various traditions it is called the Mass, the Eucharist, the Lord’s Supper, a Love Feast, Holy Communion and Agape meal. In some churches it is eaten around a stone altar and in others around a wooden table. Some believe the bread and wine literally become the body and blood of Jesus – the Real Presence. Others teach that it is a memorial – a meal of remembrance. With so many variations, they nevertheless have one thing in common. They all trace their roots back to the Last Supper Jesus ate with his disciples. And we tend to think that our tradition is more faithful to Scripture and others have got it wrong in some way or other. Today we come to the fifth habit of fully devoted followers of Jesus. Please turn with me to 1 Corinthians 11 and lets us consider four reasons why it is important to receive Holy Communion regularly and faithfully. But first note the context:
The Context of the Lord’s Supper in Corinth
“In the following directives I have no praise for you, for your meetings do more harm than good. In the first place, I hear that when you come together as a church, there are divisions among you, and to some extent I believe it…So then, when you come together, it is not the Lord’s Supper you eat, for when you are eating, some of you go ahead with your own private suppers. As a result, one person remains hungry and another gets drunk. Don’t you have homes to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the church of God by humiliating those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you? Certainly not in this matter!” (1 Corinthians 11:17-22)
The early church had developed a very lovely tradition in connection with the observance of the Lord’s Supper. They ate a meal together that became known as a Love Feast. Each member brought what they had to share. The resources were pooled. The whole church sat down to a common meal. A beautiful way to express their Christian fellowship. This incidentally is the basis for our own monthly breakfast on the first Sunday of the month and church family lunch which we hold on the fourth Sunday of each month. Please join us next Sunday. Bring some food to share. In Corinth, they celebrated the Lord’s Supper as part of this meal. But there were several things that undermined their noble aim. Paul found it necessary to rebuke them strongly. When they met, instead of being one, they separated along social lines – the wealthy separated from the poor and the slaves. Some were also drinking too much and things got out of hand. So Pauls writes, “Your meetings do more harm than good” (1 Corinthians 11:17). They had forgotten the purpose of the Lord’s Supper. Their celebrations had become:
Paul responds, “What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you? Certainly not in
this matter.” (1 Corinthians 11:22).
Paul writes to correct this abuse. He does so by reminding them how the Lord instituted the meal in the first place. Paul gives us 4 principles to ensure we celebrate the Lord’s Supper faithfully.
1. We Remember the Lord Jesus Christ
“For I received from the Lord what I also passed on to you: The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, 24 and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, “This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.” 25 In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.” (1 Corinthians 11:23-25)
is recalling Jesus’ Last Supper with His disciples. Although he was not present,
the Lord personally revealed to Him what happened there. “…I received from the
Notice in these words, Jesus is doing two things:
1.1 Jesus was interpreting something old:
The meal they were eating looked back to the Passover meal. We read about in Exodus 12.
Feast of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your
divisions out of Egypt. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the
generations to come…Obey these instructions as a lasting ordinance for you and
your descendants... And when your children ask you, “What does this ceremony
mean to you?” then tell them, “It is the Passover sacrifice to the LORD, who
passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he
struck down the Egyptians.” (Exodus 12:17, 24-27)
This Passover feast included a cooked lamb. It represented the atonement sacrifice. The Passover meal included unleavened bread and it came to include wine. The roots of the Last Supper therefore lie in the annual Jewish Passover meal. What Jesus said about himself and what Jesus was about to do on the cross was therefore based on something old.
1.2 Jesus was instituting something new
The meal is called the Last Supper and the Lord’s Supper. In one sense this is because it was the last time Jesus shared this meal, the Passover meal, with his friends. In another sense, it was the Last Passover meal that the Lord God Almighty would ever accept from his people. Because a day later, His only begotten Son would offer himself as the ransom sacrifice, as the atonement,
the Passover Lamb. There would no longer ever be any need for another Passover meal. At best these animal sacrifices could only ever provide a temporary cover for sin, until the next one or until the ultimate one. That is why John the Baptist could say, “Look, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.” (John 1:29). From that night, the celebration of the Lord’s Supper took the place of the Passover. Jesus was instituting something new. No longer would they celebrate God’s deliverance of his people from Egypt at this meal. Jesus said, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.” (1 Corinthians 11: 25). First and foremost therefore, in the Lord’s Supper, we remember the Lord Jesus Christ.
2. We Rejoice in the Lord Jesus Christ
“For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.” (1 Corinthians 11:26)
we share in the Lord’s Supper, we are, says Paul, proclaiming the Lord’s death.
To proclaim means to announce, to declare, to promulgate, to make known; to
proclaim publicly, to publish, to praise or glorify openly or publicly. What
is it we proclaim? We exhibit in the bread and the wine, the emblems of his
broken body and shed blood, and our belief of the fact that he died. This
shows that the ordinance was to be so far public as to be a proper showing
forth of our belief in the death of the Saviour. It should be public. It can
be evangelistic. As we shall see in a moment, only Christ followers should
participate and receive the bread and wine, but all may observe and wonder.
We not only proclaim the Lord’s death. We also proclaim this in anticipation
of his Second Coming. This demonstrates: (1) That it was the steady belief
of the primitive church that the Lord Jesus would return to judge the world;
and (2) That this ordinance was to be perpetuated, and observed until Jesus
returns. In every generation,
therefore, and in every place where Christians gather, it is to be observed,
until Jesus returns. In the Lord’s Supper we not only remember, we rejoice.
We are telling the world
that the Lord Jesus has risen. We
remember the Lord Jesus Christ. We rejoice in the Lord Jesus Christ.
3. We Repent Before the Lord Jesus Christ
“So then, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. Everyone ought to examine themselves before they eat of the bread and drink of the cup.” (1 Corinthians 11:27-28)
As we prepare to share in the Lord’s Supper we must carefully examine ourselves. To assist us we say a prayer known as the Prayer of Humble Access. It is a very precious prayer to many.
We do not presume to come to this thy table, O merciful Lord, trusting in our own righteousness, but in thy manifold and great mercies. We are not worthy so much as to gather up the crumbs under thy table. But thou art the same Lord, whose property is always to have mercy: grant us therefore, gracious Lord, so to eat the flesh of thy dear Son Jesus Christ, and to drink his blood, that our sinful bodies may be made clean by his body, and our souls washed through his most precious blood, and that we may evermore dwell in him, and he in us. Amen.
In the Lord’s Supper we reflect upon three reasons Jesus died – to set us free from the bondage to sin and death, to forgive our sin and give us eternal life. That is why we must repent – that is. turn away from our sin and be made right with God. And we must do this before we take the bread and the wine. Because in taking the bread and the wine, we are saying we understand why Jesus died – why he died in our place. The bread and the wine are indeed for sinners. But only for repentant sinners. So in this meal, we remember the Lord Jesus Christ. We rejoice in the Lord Jesus Christ. And we repent before the Lord Jesus Christ.
4. We are Reconciled Through the Lord Jesus Christ
“For those who eat and drink without discerning
the body of Christ eat and drink judgment on themselves... So then, my brothers and sisters, when you gather to eat, you should all
eat together.” (1 Corinthians 11:29, 33)
As we eat and drink the bread and wine we must, says Paul, ‘discern the body of Christ” What does this mean? It could mean the literal body of Christ, but if so, why does Paul not also refer to the blood of Christ also? His emphasis is upon how, in the Lord’s Supper, we recognise we are united with him and one another. We share in this meal to demonstrate our oneness, our unity. There are no elevated positions at the foot of the cross. Through the Lord Jesus we are reconciled first to God and then to one another. Paul brings these two dimensions beautifully together in the second letter he wrote to this church.
“All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation: that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting people’s sins against them. And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation. We are therefore Christ’s ambassadors, as though God were making his appeal through us. We implore you on Christ’s behalf: Be reconciled to God.” (2 Corinthians 5:18-20)
This is why in many churches, before
sharing in the bread and wine, Christians exchange the sign of the peace.
Although this can descend into an artificial formality, it is deeply symbolic
of what is happening in the Lord’s Supper. The Lord’s Supper is much more than
a personal communion with God. It is an incentive to heal broken relationships
and demonstrate our in Jesus Christ.
What does it mean then to receive Holy Communion faithfully?
1. It is a time to remember. Remember the Lord Jesus.
2. It is a time to rejoice. Rejoice in the Lord Jesus Christ.
3. It is a time to repent. Repent before the Lord Jesus Christ.
4. It is a time to reconcile. Reconciled through the Lord Jesus. Today, as we partake in this Communion together…
1. Remember what Jesus went through for you.
2. Rejoice that He died for you and will return that we may be with him forever.
3. Repent of any sin you may have committed this past week.
4. Be reconciled to God and to any brother or sister with whom you have a broken relationship. Then you can indeed be able to receive this Holy Communion faithfully. Lets pray.
With grateful thanks to Todd Coget and Jason Duncan for much of the inspiration and ideas contained in this sermon. See www.sermoncentral.com